Smallholders Insurance from Greenlands

Author Topic: Soil  (Read 1614 times)

sabrina

  • Joined Nov 2008
Soil
« on: August 26, 2016, 09:38:34 am »
Feeling pretty fed up with my veg plot  Results have been so poor this year. I have been lifting my so called early tatties, very poor. Not grown tatties for a couple of years and  bought seed that was suppose to resit blight. My soil is very heavy. Do I add lots of old horse muck or should I be doing something more. No apples on any of my 3 trees but they had lots of flowers. Put that down to an late storm. Even things like lettuce have been so slow to grow. Everything in the pollytunnel is good so not a complete washout.

DavidandCollette

  • Joined Dec 2012
Re: Soil
« Reply #1 on: August 26, 2016, 09:44:12 am »
Same here. Everything eaten by slugs. Im going to try call ducks, just keep them away from letguce and small plants. Biggest probldm this year has been the chickens getting ingo the veg plot and devouring evefything. Thank goodness cor polytunnels!

waterbuffalofarmer

  • Joined Apr 2014
  • Mid Wales
  • Owner of 61 Mediterranean water buffaloes
Re: Soil
« Reply #2 on: August 26, 2016, 10:01:19 am »
same here too, again slugs eating all my courgettes and my beans too, plus the weather has been so up and down it has killed all my beans and other veg, My garden currently is an overgrown desert. The only thing good is my apple tree, once diseased, and is now gaining back its once diseased branches, it has given me 2 bumper crops in 2 years, it used to produce every other year, now its every year! :) What type of soil is it? Clay? I would add something else instead of horse manure, it may be worth trying to grow green manure and digging that in, also I found that planting climbing beans or beans in the soil helps to loosen it up a bit. It may take a few years to do so. They talked about this on gardeners Q time a couple of weeks ago.
https://www.google.co.uk/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=soil%20gardeners%20q%20time
the most beautiful people we have known are those who have known defeat, known suffering, known struggle, known loss and have found their way out of the depths. These persons have an appreciation, a sensitivity and an understanding of life that fills them with compassion, gentleness, loving concern.

cloddopper

  • Joined Jun 2013
  • South Wales .Carmarthenshire. SA18
Re: Soil
« Reply #3 on: August 27, 2016, 11:11:27 pm »
After almost 7 hrs of un forecast overnight frost & me not putting an old sheet over the dwarf apple trees I too lost all the apples .........shame as the trees were full of blossom & breaking buds . Still I've got the first crop of plumbs off my six year old trees to harvest in a few weeks if ther is no early frosts .

 Potatoes .
 Make sure that the horse muck you use is not mixed with the dropped hay from the feed nets as you'll end up growing zillions of weeds.
 The best well rotted animal manure is cattle muck with straw bedding , poultry muck with straw beddings , pig muck with straw bedding.
 These animals & other species have a different digestion system to the horse and as a result few if any weed seeds pass through their digestive system and survive .

 You can also bulk out the dungs by adding a good 50 to 70  % more of clean unused straw , turn it in the heap , wetting it as you go & then cover it with a plastic sheet and weigh it down . It's not long 3 days or so before the beneficial bacteria get working , raising the temperature of the pile and feeding natural moulds that break the straw fibres etc down .
Every three to four days  for the next 15 days rebuild the  heap , putting the outside edges into the middle of the new heap .  Re wetting a bit to keep every thing nice and moist/ wet , which is good for rotting it down .

Make as much of this sort of composted straw & dungs as you can afford or have the strength to make , as it is just about the best thing you can put into clay soil at the rate of two standard barrow loads each"  double " dug square yards . 

A heavy manuring like this is good for seven or more years , but wise veg growers keep adding a barrow per square yard as a top dressing off this sort of home made new compost every autumn or when the ground is free of crops .  It's called building the soil .. it stays moist in the wet & any droughts and can reach down to abouta  four foot depth  in eight  or so years withe help of the worms .

 However do not use if for the proposed root crop growing area which has to be free of any  manure based compost for at least year or you'll end up with root crops like cows udders  .

 Note.... Too much steer or bull dung & straw bedding or neat slury out the miling parlour can lead to the soil becoming too acidic ,  that's why we use other animal & the bird beddings & dungs as well .
Ideally up to 70 % by weight of straw will work well in clay in about three years of cultivation once it is well mixed , wetted  & composted properly . a few bags of gypsum based plaster powder sprinkled over the area and rotated in also helps to crumb the clay soil , providing it is gypsum it does not greatly affect the acidity or alkalinity of the soils unlike if you use  gardening lime to crumb the clay .

 This enrichment of the clays using this compost allows not only water drain down to the lowest point , it feds the worms who eat the compost which in turn gives you a fantastic addition by way of their dung aka. worm casts .  It also allows air to get to the fine hair roots so they can then live off the tiny microscopic globules of humus produced by further aerobic action on the bits of compost in the soil.

 A well compost supplied  clay soil also provides easier food for all manner of pests ,so they tend to stay off your crops.  Using the new nematode slug control method also works very well in a high fibre soil & tends to stay active for five to six week providing the soil damp & the temp is above 10 oC
« Last Edit: August 27, 2016, 11:27:51 pm by cloddopper »
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